Anabolic Steroids and Male Fertility

Products some men use to appear younger and fit may also increase their risk of infertility. 

Pressure to look a certain way or achieve a certain level of fitness can be immense, whether it’s in the form of underwear commercials featuring young, muscular models or the latest superhero film featuring an actor with a newly buff physique. 

There are a number of products aimed at men who believe they haven’t yet reached (or are no longer at) their peak potential. Increasing libido, gaining muscle mass, and increasing energy are all possible with the use of prescription medications or hormonal supplements. 

Although some men may not realize it, a number of these chemical and hormonal supplements can actually increase their risk of infertility.

Anabolic Steroids and How They Are Used

Many hormones, alkaloids, and vitamins are examples of “steroids,” which are chemical compounds with a specific chemical structure. The process of building up (muscle or bone), also known as biosynthesis, is referred to as “anabolic.” 

Anabolic steroids are testosterone derivatives that are either natural or synthetic. Anabolic steroids may be prescribed to treat hormone deficiencies or to assist patients with cancer or AIDS in gaining weight or muscle mass. However, because testosterone increases muscle mass, athletes and bodybuilders may abuse anabolic steroids to help build muscle, lower body fat percentage, or gain strength and endurance in an attempt to improve athletic performance quickly. 

Individuals in these cases of misuse are often aware of the risks and try “cycling,” “stacking,” or “pyramiding” administration methods to avoid side effects. However, there is no scientific evidence that any of these methods help to mitigate the potential short- and long-term negative side effects, such as the negative impact on sperm quality parameters and overall fertility.

See also Anabolic Steroid Use In Women

Will Using Anabolic Steroids For Bodybuilding Affect Fertility?

Bodybuilding has a lot of good things about it, and it can help your health and fitness in a lot of ways. When you start taking performance-enhancing drugs, there is also a chance that it could hurt your health (PEDs). Will bodybuilding affect fertility? What is the connection between steroids and fertility? In this article, I’ll look into the question “Will bodybuilding affect fertility?” 

As long as you do natural bodybuilding the right way, you should see an increase in testosterone levels, which can help you get pregnant. However, overtraining or cutting calories too quickly can harm testosterone production. Taking anabolic steroids can harm fertility because it stops the body from making testosterone normally.

Testosterone and Infertility

Testosterone and Infertility

Anabolic steroids and male fertility is a tenuous thing. The Mossman-Pacey paradox, named after the two researchers who first described it, is now known as the use of testosterone or anabolic steroids to gain muscle mass and thus appear more fertile, while actually increasing one’s likelihood of infertility.  Males face off against each other in their quest for a mate, with the short-term benefits of looking more attractive versus the long-term risks to their ability to reproduce. 

When it comes to steroids used to increase muscle mass, this is especially true. There are also small daily doses of energy and libido-improving products. 

High doses of testosterone significantly reduce a man’s sperm count, and as a result, many couples struggle with male infertility. 

Increasing energy and libido in men is a major focus in today’s men’s health care. It’s unfortunate that these symptoms are treated with hormones, specifically testosterone and testosterone derivatives. 

Some of these testosterone-altering medications can be reversed, but experts say it’s best to avoid them altogether because your body may develop a tolerance to them. Because of this, the brain signals the testes to produce less testosterone on their own as testosterone levels rise in the blood. 

Testicular atrophy happens when the body’s natural cycle is thrown off by the introduction of extra testosterone. This causes the testes to stop making their own testosterone. Shrunken testicles, as you might expect, make men infertile, and stopping testosterone treatments will shut down the testes and cause testosterone levels to drop. There are many other side effects, including erectile dysfunction and infertility.

See also Female Bodybuilders And Steroid Use

Before Taking Testosterone Supplements or Anabolic Steroids

Researchers don’t know yet what other effects testosterone changes might have on the body’s other functions, like how the heart and bones work, or how they work together. 

Those who are interested in taking these medications and supplements should talk to their doctor about all of their medical conditions. This is because these medications and supplements can have negative effects on other parts of the body, like the liver or kidneys, as well as dangerous interactions with other medications. 

It is important for people to know that there are some risks to taking this medicine. They may have problems with sexual performance, weight gain/loss, and fertility. 

Besides, experts say to be careful about the messages that come with these supplements and medications, because aging can lead to a loss of hair, libido, and energy. These things are natural and can be best dealt with by eating well with lots of exercise and getting enough sleep. 

Some of these products are sold by male-centered media personalities who write long-form messages that follow traditional masculine stereotypes. Experts say that this kind of messaging-to-marketing pipeline can have an effect on the long-term health and well-being of the average male who watches a lot of TV or radio.

Avoid Overtraining and Overusing

Avoid Overtraining and Overusing

Overtraining, or working out too hard and not recovering enough, has been linked to a drop in testosterone levels. Cortisol production can increase as a result of overtraining, which can lead to insomnia, mood changes, and weight gain/loss. 

A decrease in testosterone production has a direct impact on a woman’s ability to conceive. 

To avoid overtraining, make sure to train at a manageable volume and recover fully between sessions. Spend more time in bed, consume more protein, take rest days, and think about taking supplements like creatine to aid in recovery.

See also Steroids for Women: What Are the Best Ones?

What To Remember

Bodybuilders will use every PED they can get their hands on to stay fertile for decades. While a natural bodybuilder who follows all of the rules and avoids using any PEDs may be infertile. Life is rarely fair, and there will always be outliers. 

However, for most men, increasing their physical activity, lowering their body fat percentage, building muscle, and improving their diet will help them become more fertile. 

Overtraining, not recovering properly, and using anabolic steroids, on the other hand, will harm your fertility. 

It’s a sad reality, but it’s the truth. That is why, before starting your bodybuilding journey, you must have this conversation with yourself. You’ve just finished reading an entire article about how bodybuilding affects fertility, indicating that you’re serious about it. 

There are ways to overcome low testosterone, and many professional bodybuilders do so. However, before you get into PEDs, it’s best if you do your research or consult with a medical professional to decrease your risks.


While the benefits of testosterone supplements and anabolic steroids are great, it’s important to remember that they come with certain risks, one of which is infertility.

Consult your doctor about the potential risks to your reproductive system before taking any supplement or drug that claims to increase energy, libido, or muscle mass. You may be able to achieve your goals in a healthier manner by using natural, safer alternatives.

See also Female Infertility and Steroid Use